Water sensitive communities are sustainable, resilient, productive and liveable. (CRC for Water Sensitive Cities)
Water sensitive urban design has multiple benefits and can enhance overall liveability of our communities through:
Green and blue natural landscapes enhancing human health and wellbeing by:
- providing mental health benefits,
- facilitating the physical recovery from illness,
- providing recreational (passive and active) areas
- providing spaces for community socialisation and connectivity of community spaces.
- improve human thermal comfort through micro-climate management (cooling benefits) to reduce heat related stress and mortality
- improving air quality
More healthy natural ecosystems in urban environments that:
- protect urban waterways from degradation, through decreased total stormwater runoff and improved flow regimes (more natural high-flows and low-flows)
- reduce pollutant loads entering freshwater and marine environments
- replenish depleting groundwater with fresh water
- extend baseflows in urban streams and wetlands
- provide at source re-use of alternative water supplies to minimise energy use
- conserve our valuable water resource
- increase carbon sequestration
Enhance productivity and economic prosperity by:
- supporting industry: manufacturing including food production, and irrigated crops,
- deferring or eliminating the need for drainage infrastructure augmentation to accommodate increased catchment impervious area coverage, attributed to urban consolidation.
- providing high quality public open space, particularly those that include water, can increase adjacent residential property values, enhance commercial precincts and improve tourism opportunities.
- avoiding capital or operating costs for potable supply schemes or defer supply augmentation costs through fit-for-purpose use of alternative water
- strategic and opportunistic investment in infrastructure renewals
- market advantages for residential developers who make a contribution to sustainability or offer the amenity benefits of recycled water.
Integrated infrastructure that:
- provides protection against flooding
- provides a diversity of water sources at a range of scales to increase resilience under a uncertain future climate
- supply of recycled water resources (treated effluent and stormwater) providing freedom from water restrictions.
- Recycles and reuses treated sewage effluent as a non-climate dependent resource.